RIP El Hajj Malik El Shabazz AKA Malcolm X - February 21, 1965

malcolm x RIP El Hajj Malik El Shabazz AKA Malcolm X   February 21, 1965Malcolm X (pronounced /ˈmælkəm ˈɛks/) (born Malcolm Little; May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz[1] (Arabic: الحاجّ مالك الشباز‎), was an African-American Muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist.[2][3][4][5] To his admirers, he was a courageous advocate for the rights of African Americans, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans.[6] His detractors accused him of preaching racism, black supremacy, antisemitism, and violence.[7][8][9][10][11] He has been described as one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.[12][13][14]

Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska. By the time he was thirteen, his father had died and his mother had been committed to a mental hospital. His childhood, including his father’s lessons concerning black pride and self-reliance and his own experiences concerning race, played a significant role in Malcolm X’s adult life. After living in a series of foster homes, Malcolm X became involved in hustling and other criminal activities in Boston and New York. In 1946, Malcolm X was sentenced to eight to ten years in prison.

While in prison, Malcolm X became a member of the Nation of Islam. After his parole in 1952, he became one of the Nation’s leaders and chief spokesmen. For nearly a dozen years, he was the public face of the Nation of Islam. Tension between Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad, head of the Nation of Islam, led to Malcolm X’s departure from the organization in March 1964.

After leaving the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X became a Sunni Muslim and made a pilgrimage to Mecca, after which he disavowed racism. He traveled extensively throughout Africa and the Middle East. He founded Muslim Mosque, Inc., a religious organization, and the secular, black nationalist Organization of Afro-American Unity. Less than a year after he left the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X was assassinated while giving a speech in New York.


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Good indie artist info

Your press kit can make you or break you. Many record labels and members of the media receive hundreds of press kits daily of artists wanting an article written about them, a review, or a record deal. Remember when creating your press kit, it is just as important as a good demo, because if you do not take your press kit seriously then why should they take you seriously? Make your press kit interesting and to the point no one has time for a biography the size of a book or a lot of information that is not needed. We will give you the basics and some extra’s as well as tips for creating your press kit.
8×10 Photos:
Your press kit should contain at least one with a maximum of three, 8×10 photos, preferably one in color and one in black and white. These photos should be printed on glossy photo paper at a high quality. Many media sources will scan directly from the photo to put in their magazine, etc while some will call or email for photos to be sent.
The biography should be attention catching and informative but no one is interesting enough for an A&R or writer of a magazine to spend time reading three to four pages. Keep your biography to one to two pages maximum.
This is an essential part of your press kit. If an album you should include one copy of the album, if demo please include three tracks minimum and five maximum with your best cut first. On the demo you should include you bands name and contact information.
Contact Information:
Now you might be wondering why we would put this but you would be surprised how many demo’s and press kits are sent without any contact information or the information is very hard to find. When you send out your press kit make sure you provide contact information on each piece in it (CD, Biography, Photo, etc.).
* Envelope:
With a stack of 100 envelopes on a desk you want to make sure yours stands out. With stickers from your band on the back or front or just making it professional is a chance that yours might not get thrown away with the rest of the brown envelopes written on by a sharpie.
*Press Clippings:
If you have already obtained press you should include a few copies of the clippings in with your press kit, including features, good reviews, and whatever else you might have that was positive press. The larger the press you were featured in the more likely you will get a call back and be taken more seriously.


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Nelson Mandela was released from prison 20 years ago today.

Twenty years ago today, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, was released from prison. Celebrations at the former Victor Verster Prison have been going on all day, but Mandela himself is not present.
Media here in South Africa are concentrating on events at the prison where Mandela was held under conditions of effective house arrest in the last period of his incarceration. The prison, renamed the Groot Drakenstein Prison, hosted a breakfast of former and current members of the African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP). According to Times Live, former political prisoner Ahmed Kathrada, Secretary General of the nationally powerful Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), Zwelinzima Vavi as well as ANC veteran politician Cyril Ramaphosa attended the breakfast at the prison in Paarl, north of Cape Town. Neither Mandela, nor his former wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, attended. Ramaphosa, who had left hospital to take part, described his memories of the day Mandela was released:

If anybody tells you that Mandela shows emotion, they would be lying to you. He was as cool as a cucumber. He was calm and collected and we were anxious, our nerves were taut.

Referring to Mandela’s wife at the time, he said:

Winnie wanted him to come straight home to Johannesburg, to Orlando (in Soweto), and we wanted our icon to make a speech (in Cape Town). Mandela told Winnie that he would go to the rally.

Summing up what Mandela did for the country, Ramaphosa said:

Today we celebrate a life lived in service of our people. And we must reflect on the dedication he gave and we must learn from his life.

The Daily Dispatch newspaper quoted opposition members’ memories of the day. New opposition party Congress of the People (COPE)’s head of policy, Smuts Ngonyama was in charge of the ANC’s policy in a region in what is now the Eastern Cape Province. Referring to the former ”Bantustans,” he said:

It was a very big moment, especially for this region, which was a very revolutionary region fighting for an end of the homelands. We held a big rally to welcome him at Bhisho Stadium, which was attended by everyone from the greater Border region.

Main opposition party, the Democratic Alliance (DA)’s Eastern Cape leader, Athol Trollip recalled a private meeting he had with Mandela just after his release:

I will never forget the moment. He came with his hands stretched out towards me and said ‘I am Nelson Mandela.’

The United Democratic Movement (UDM)’s provincial legislature member, Max Mhlati, said he was glued to his TV set in what was the Transkei. Mhlati said:

In those days we lived under serious oppression and were under the impression that we would never live to see a better days.

Mandela’s release followed the Collapse of Communism, which left the ANC without its political backers on the one hand, and also discredited the hardliners in the then-ruling white National Party. As a result, Frederik (”F.W.”) De Klerk came to power and moderates on both sides gained the upper hand. De Klerk unbanned previously illegal political parties and soon after released Nelson Mandela. This was followed by the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) I and II talks which paved the way for a democratic constitution and the country’s first democratic elections in 1994.


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CarmenKraze Radio Show 2/5/2010 6:00 PM

CarmenKraze Radio Show (airdate 2/5/2010)

We will be discussing topics from A to Z that have occurred every week. Join Carmen & DJ Kraze for some jaw dropping topics & discussions each week!!! This week The Empire was in the building.


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Thanks for your support!!!



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Black History Month and its significance

The election of Barack Obama into the United States’ Presidential Office was a monumentally historic event for African-Americans, Africans and the entire world.

Some people don’t like to pull the ‘race card’ when talking about Obama becoming president of the United States, but in my opinion, that is something that cannot be overlooked. Some people also minimise the significance of Obama, a person of colour, making it into the White House by saying that he is not 100 percent black, but is instead bi-racial. ‘Whatever,’ is what I say to that; it is noteworthy that part of Obama’s family and ancestry can be traced to and still lives in Kenya. Anyone who is familiar with the painful history of slavery in the United States surely can appreciate how significant a historic event Obama’s election as 44th president of the United States of America is. When the conscious people in the US celebrate Black History Month this year, they will look to this most recent accomplishment of an African- American with great pride and reflect on what a long journey it has been for African-Americans.

The month of February in the US is commemorated as Black History Month. During this month, African- Americans, who have helped change the world, are commemorated by people of all walks of life. Black History Month began as “Negro History Week,” which was created in 1926 by Carter G. Woodson, a noted African- American historian, scholar, educator, and publisher. It became a month-long celebration in 1976. The month of February was chosen to coincide with the birthdays of Frederick Douglass (one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the US in the decades before the Civil War) and Abraham Lincoln (16th US president most remembered for his Emancipation Proclamation, which declared slaves free).

During Black History Month, universities offer special lectures; television broadcasters air black-history related programming, people gather at fairs organised to celebrate Black History Month and artists, mostly reggae, perform to crowds of the Afro-centric thinker.

One must not assume that the US stands still for Black History Month celebrations, because that is not so. But, if you are looking and are interested there are noticeable communications about Black History Month around the country.

So, why is Black History Month important and necessary? As a firm believer in the importance of history in the present, I offer that it is for that reason that Black History Month is important and necessary. In order to really have an appreciation for where one stands in the present, then one must look at the past.

“On the eve of the American Civil War (1861-1865) approximately four million enslaved African Americans lived in the southern region of the United States of America. The vast majority worked as plantation slaves in the production of cotton, sugar, tobacco, and rice. These enslaved people were the descendants of 12 to 13 million African forbearers ripped from their homes and forcibly transported to the Americas in a massive slave trade dating from the 1400s. Most of these people, if they survived the brutal passages from Africa, ended up in the Caribbean (West Indies) or in South and Central America. Brazil alone imported around five million enslaved Africans. This forced migration is known today as the African Diaspora, and it is one of the greatest human tragedies in the history of the world,” explains Dr Ronald L. F. Davis of California State University.

Slaves in the United States were eventually freed and then they began their long arduous journey towards freedom. For many years black people in the US were segregated from majority America, were treated and regarded as inferior and had very few (if any) civil rights. This struggle developed into what is known as the Civil Rights Movement. A website with information about African-American history details; “The Civil Rights Movement was at a peak from 1955-1965. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, guaranteeing basic civil rights for all Americans, regardless of race, after nearly a decade of non-violent protests and marches, ranging from the 1955-1956 Montgomery bus boycott to the student-led sit-ins of the 1960s to the huge March on Washington in 1963.” Names like Dr Martin Luther King, Malcom X and Rosa Parks (to name just a few African American civil rights heroes and heroines) are all names, which are synonymous with the African-American Civil Rights Movement.  It was a truly dynamic time - a time when black people were lifting themselves up from the rubble and claiming their rightful place in society - as equal to everyone else. Not only were they struggling for equality, but were also celebrating their heritage: it was during this time that the phrase “Black is Beautiful” was popularised.

Black History Month serves to commemorate those people who struggled for the freedom and equality now enjoyed by African-Americans. It also serves to shine a light on all the accomplishments made by Africans in the Diaspora and beyond. Not all people however are of this school of thought - Wikipedia shed some light on a different attitude towards Black History Month:” Black History Month sparks an annual debate about the continued usefulness and fairness of a designated month dedicated to the history of one race.

Critical opinion and editorial pieces have appeared in the Cincinnati Enquirer and USA Today. Some African radical/nationalist groups, including the Nation of Islam, have criticised Black History Month. Some critics, including Morgan Freeman, contend that Black History Month is irrelevant because it has degenerated into a shallow ritual, and says that it serves to undermine the contention that black history is American history.”

February is Black History month in the US and it will be celebrated, and very well so, I believe because as Marcus Garvey once said, “A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.”


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